Dr. Vikas Kadam

Dr. Pooja Kadam

Prostatic Diseases

Prostatic Diseases

The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ that produces fluids that feed and protect sperm cells. The three most common forms of prostate disease are inflammation (prostatitis), non-cancerous enlargement (BPH), and prostate cancer.

Types of prostate disease

The three most common forms of prostate disease are inflammation (prostatitis), non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH) and prostate cancer. A man may experience one or more of these conditions.

Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)

While prostatitis can affect men of any age, it is more common in younger men, aged between 30 and 50 years. The main types of prostatitis are:

  • bacterial prostatitis – acute or chronic bacterial infection
  • non-bacterial prostatitis – inflamed prostate, also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS).

Non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate (BPH)

Non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is more common as men get older. It is not life threatening, but can significantly affect your quality of life.

The enlargement of the prostate gland (which surrounds the top of the urethra) causes the urethra to narrow, and puts pressure on the base of the bladder. This can lead to obstruction (blockage) in the flow of urine.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer typically affects men over the age of 50 years. Around 16,000 Australians are diagnosed every year. The cause remains unknown, although advancing age and family history are known to be contributing factors.

In the early stages, the cancer cells are confined to the prostate gland. With the more aggressive types of prostate cancer, cancer cells enter the vascular and lymphatic systems early and spread to other parts of the body where they develop secondary tumours, particularly in the bones.